Molecular Imaging Instrumentation Laboratory  

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    Author Title Year Jour./Proc./Book
    Chinn, G.; Foudray, A.M.K. & Levin, C.S. A Method to Include Single Photon Events in Image Reconstruction for a 1 mm Resolution PET System 2006 2006 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, pp. 1740-1745  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Chinn2006,
      author = {G. Chinn and A. M. K. Foudray and C. S. Levin},
      title = {A Method to Include Single Photon Events in Image Reconstruction for a 1 mm Resolution PET System},
      booktitle = {2006 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record},
      year = {2006},
      pages = {1740-1745}
    }
    					
    Chinn, G.; Foudray, A.M.K. & Levin, C.S. A Method to Include Single Photon Events in Image Reconstruction for a 1 mm Resolution PET System Built with Advanced 3-D Positioning Detectors 2006 2006 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, pp. 1746-1761  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Chinn2006a,
      author = {G. Chinn and A. M. K. Foudray and C. S. Levin},
      title = {A Method to Include Single Photon Events in Image Reconstruction for a 1 mm Resolution PET System Built with Advanced 3-D Positioning Detectors},
      booktitle = {2006 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record},
      year = {2006},
      pages = {1746-1761}
    }
    					
    Chinn, G.; Foudray, A.M.K. & Levin, C.S. Comparing Geometries for a PET System with 3D Photon Positioning Capability 2005 2005 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, III, pp. 1709-1712  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Chinn2005,
      author = {G. Chinn and A. M. K. Foudray and C. S. Levin},
      title = {Comparing Geometries for a PET System with 3D Photon Positioning Capability},
      booktitle = {2005 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, III},
      year = {2005},
      pages = {1709-1712}
    }
    					
    Chinn, G. & Levin, C.S. A Method to Reject Random Coincidences and Extract True from Multiple Coincidences in PET using 3-D Detectors 2008 Conference Record of the 2008 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, pp. 5249-5254  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Chinn2008,
      author = {G. Chinn and C. S. Levin},
      title = {A Method to Reject Random Coincidences and Extract True from Multiple Coincidences in PET using 3-D Detectors},
      booktitle = {Conference Record of the 2008 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference},
      year = {2008},
      pages = {5249-5254}
    }
    					
    Chinn, G. & Levin, C.S. PET Image Reconstruction with a Bayesian Projector for Multi-Electronic Collimation Schemes 2007 Conference Record of the 2007 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, pp. 2799-2802  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Chinn2007,
      author = {G. Chinn and C. S. Levin},
      title = {PET Image Reconstruction with a Bayesian Projector for Multi-Electronic Collimation Schemes},
      booktitle = {Conference Record of the 2007 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference},
      year = {2007},
      pages = {2799-2802}
    }
    					
    Cui, J.; Chinn, G. & Levin, C.S. Fast and Accurate 3D Compton Cone Projections on GPU Using CUDA 2011 IEEE 2011 Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{jingyucui2011c,
      author = {Jingyu Cui and Garry Chinn and Craig S. Levin},
      title = {Fast and Accurate 3D Compton Cone Projections on GPU Using CUDA},
      booktitle = {IEEE 2011 Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference},
      year = {2011}
    }
    					
    Cui, J.; Pratx, G.; Prevrhal, S.; Shao, L. & Levin, C.S. Fully 3-D Time-of-Flight Positron Emission Tomography Image Reconstruction from List-mode Data Using GPUs and CUDA 2010 IEEE 2010 Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference (IEEE NSS/MIC 2010)  
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Cui2010b,
      author = {J. Cui and G. Pratx and S. Prevrhal and L. Shao and C. S. Levin},
      title = {Fully 3-D Time-of-Flight Positron Emission Tomography Image Reconstruction from List-mode Data Using GPUs and CUDA},
      booktitle = {IEEE 2010 Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference (IEEE NSS/MIC 2010)},
      year = {2010}
    }
    					
    Cui, J.; Pratx, G.; Prevrhal, S.; Shao, L. & Levin, C.S. Highly Parallel Image Reconstruction for Positron Emission Tomography (PET) 2010 2010 GPU Technology Conference (GTC 2010)  
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Cui2010c,
      author = {J. Cui and G. Pratx and S. Prevrhal and L. Shao and C. S. Levin},
      title = {Highly Parallel Image Reconstruction for Positron Emission Tomography (PET)},
      booktitle = {2010 GPU Technology Conference (GTC 2010)},
      year = {2010}
    }
    					
    Cui, J.; Pratx, G.; Prevrhal, S.; Zhang, B.; Shao, L. & Levin, C.S. Measurement-Based Spatially-Varying Point Spread Function for List-Mode PET Reconstruction on GPU 2011 IEEE 2011 Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{jingyucui2011b,
      author = {Jingyu Cui and Guillem Pratx and Sven Prevrhal and Bin Zhang and Lingxiong Shao and Craig S. Levin},
      title = {Measurement-Based Spatially-Varying Point Spread Function for List-Mode PET Reconstruction on GPU},
      booktitle = {IEEE 2011 Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference},
      year = {2011}
    }
    					
    Cui, J.; Prevrhal, S.; Pratx, G.; Shao, L. & Levin, C.S. Fully 3-D List-mode Positron Emission Tomography Image Reconstruction on a Multi-GPU Cluster 2011 11th International Meeting on Fully Three-Dimensional Image Reconstruction in Radiology and Nuclear Medicine (Fully3D 2011)  
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Cui2011,
      author = {J. Cui and S. Prevrhal and G. Pratx and L. Shao and C. S. Levin},
      title = {Fully 3-D List-mode Positron Emission Tomography Image Reconstruction on a Multi-GPU Cluster},
      booktitle = {11th International Meeting on Fully Three-Dimensional Image Reconstruction in Radiology and Nuclear Medicine (Fully3D 2011)},
      year = {2011}
    }
    					
    Dhanasopon, P.; Levin, C.S.; Foudray, A.M.K.; Olcott, P.D. & Habte, F. Scintillation Crystal Design Features for a Miniature Gamma-Ray Camera 2003 2003 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, III, pp. 199-205  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Dhanasopon2003,
      author = {P. Dhanasopon and C. S. Levin and A. M. K. Foudray and P. D. Olcott and F. Habte},
      title = {Scintillation Crystal Design Features for a Miniature Gamma-Ray Camera},
      booktitle = {2003 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, III},
      year = {2003},
      pages = {199-205}
    }
    					
    Foudray, A.M.K.; Chinn, G. & Levin, C.S. Incident Photon Direction Calculation Using Bayesian Estimation for High Energy Photon Detector Systems with 3D Positioning Capability 2006 2006 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, pp. 208-210  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Foudray2006c,
      author = {A. M. K. Foudray and G. Chinn and C. S. Levin},
      title = {Incident Photon Direction Calculation Using Bayesian Estimation for High Energy Photon Detector Systems with 3D Positioning Capability},
      booktitle = {2006 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record},
      year = {2006},
      pages = {208-210}
    }
    					
    Foudray, A.M.K.; Chinn, G. & Levin, C.S. Component Based Normalization for PET Systems with Depth of Interaction Measurement Capability 2005 2005 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, IV, pp. 2108-2111  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Foudray2005,
      author = {A. M. K. Foudray and G. Chinn and C. S. Levin},
      title = {Component Based Normalization for PET Systems with Depth of Interaction Measurement Capability},
      booktitle = {2005 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, IV},
      year = {2005},
      pages = {2108-2111}
    }
    					
    Foudray, A.M.K.; Farrell, R.; Olcott, P.D.; Shah, K.S. & Levin, C.S. Characterization of Two Thin Position-Sensitive Avalanche Photodiodes on a Single Flex Circuit for Use in 3-D Positioning PET Detectors 2006 2006 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, pp. 2469-2472  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Foudray2006b,
      author = {A. M. K. Foudray and R. Farrell and P. D. Olcott and K. S. Shah and C. S. Levin},
      title = {Characterization of Two Thin Position-Sensitive Avalanche Photodiodes on a Single Flex Circuit for Use in 3-D Positioning PET Detectors},
      booktitle = {2006 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record},
      year = {2006},
      pages = {2469-2472}
    }
    					
    Foudray, A.M.K.; Habte, F.; Levin, C.S. & Olcott, P.D. Positioning Annihilation Photon Interactions in a Thin LSO Crystal Sheet with a Position-Sensitive Avalanche Photodiode 2004 2004 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, V, pp. 2985-2989  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Foudray2004,
      author = {A. M. K. Foudray and F. Habte and C. S. Levin and P. D. Olcott},
      title = {Positioning Annihilation Photon Interactions in a Thin LSO Crystal Sheet with a Position-Sensitive Avalanche Photodiode},
      booktitle = {2004 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, V},
      year = {2004},
      pages = {2985-2989}
    }
    					
    Foudray, A.M.K. & Levin, C.S. Bayesian Estimator for Angle Recovery: Event Classification and Reconstruction in Positron Emission Tomography 2007 Conference Proceedings of the 27th International Workshop on Bayesian Inference and Maximum Entropy Methods in Science and Engineering, pp. 362-371  
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Foudray2007a,
      author = {A. M. K. Foudray and C. S. Levin},
      title = {Bayesian Estimator for Angle Recovery: Event Classification and Reconstruction in Positron Emission Tomography},
      booktitle = {Conference Proceedings of the 27th International Workshop on Bayesian Inference and Maximum Entropy Methods in Science and Engineering},
      year = {2007},
      pages = {362-371}
    }
    					
    Gonzalez, E.; Cui, J.; Pratx, G.; Bieniosek, M.; Olcott, P.D. & Levin, C.S. Point Spread Function for PET Detectors Based on the Probability Density Function of the Line Segment 2011 IEEE 2011 Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Gonzalez2011,
      author = {E. Gonzalez and Jingyu Cui and Guillem Pratx and Matthew Bieniosek and Peter D. Olcott and Craig S. Levin},
      title = {Point Spread Function for PET Detectors Based on the Probability Density Function of the Line Segment},
      booktitle = {IEEE 2011 Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference},
      year = {2011}
    }
    					
    Gu, Y. & Levin, C.S. Effects of Photon Multiple Interactions in a High Resolution PET System that Uses 3-D Positioning Detectors 2008 Conference Record of the 2008 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, pp. 3814-3819  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Gu2008a,
      author = {Y. Gu and C. S. Levin},
      title = {Effects of Photon Multiple Interactions in a High Resolution PET System that Uses 3-D Positioning Detectors},
      booktitle = {Conference Record of the 2008 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference},
      year = {2008},
      pages = {3814-3819}
    }
    					
    Gu, Y.; Matteson, J.L.; Skelton, R.T.; Deal, A.A.; Stephan, E.A.; Duttweiler, F.; Gasaway, T.M. & Levin, C.S. Study of a High Resolution, 3-D Positioning Cross-Strip Cadmium Zinc Telluride Detector for PET 2008 Conference Record of the 2008 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, pp. 3596-3603  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Gu2008,
      author = {Y. Gu and J. L. Matteson and R. T. Skelton and A. A. Deal and E. A. Stephan and F. Duttweiler and T. M. Gasaway and C. S. Levin},
      title = {Study of a High Resolution, 3-D Positioning Cross-Strip Cadmium Zinc Telluride Detector for PET},
      booktitle = {Conference Record of the 2008 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference},
      year = {2008},
      pages = {3596-3603}
    }
    					
    Habte, F. & Levin, C.S. Investigation of Low Noise, Low Cost Readout Electronics for High Sensitivity PET Systems Based on Avalanche Photodiode Arrays 2002 2002 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, II, pp. 661-665  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Habte2002,
      author = {F. Habte and C. S. Levin},
      title = {Investigation of Low Noise, Low Cost Readout Electronics for High Sensitivity PET Systems Based on Avalanche Photodiode Arrays},
      booktitle = {2002 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, II},
      year = {2002},
      pages = {661-665}
    }
    					
    Habte, F.; Olcott, P.D.; Foudray, A.M.K.; Levin, C.S.; Zhang, J. & Chinn, G. Simulation and Measurement of Gamma-Ray and Annihilation Photon Imaging Detectors 2004 2004 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, VI, pp. 4019-4022  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Habte2004a,
      author = {F. Habte and P. D. Olcott and A. M. K. Foudray and C. S. Levin and J. Zhang and G. Chinn},
      title = {Simulation and Measurement of Gamma-Ray and Annihilation Photon Imaging Detectors},
      booktitle = {2004 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, VI},
      year = {2004},
      pages = {4019-4022}
    }
    					
    Habte, F.; Olcott, P.D.; Levin, C.S. & Foudray, A.M.K. Investigation of Scintillation Light Multiplexing for PET Detectors Based on Position Sensitive Avalanche Photodiodes 2005 2005 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, IV, pp. 2027-2030  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Habte2005,
      author = {F. Habte and P. D. Olcott and C. S. Levin and A. M. K. Foudray},
      title = {Investigation of Scintillation Light Multiplexing for PET Detectors Based on Position Sensitive Avalanche Photodiodes},
      booktitle = {2005 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, IV},
      year = {2005},
      pages = {2027-2030}
    }
    					
    Habte, F.; Olcott, P.D.; Levin, C.S. & Foudray, A.M.K. Prototype Parallel Readout System for Position Sensitive PMT based Gamma-Ray Imaging Systems 2003 2003 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, II, pp. 60-65  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Habte2003,
      author = {F. Habte and P. D. Olcott and C. S. Levin and A. M. K. Foudray},
      title = {Prototype Parallel Readout System for Position Sensitive PMT based Gamma-Ray Imaging Systems},
      booktitle = {2003 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, II},
      year = {2003},
      pages = {60-65}
    }
    					
    Holdsworth, C.; Levin, C.S.; Dahlbom, M.; Farquhar, T. & Hoffman, E.J. Investigation of Accelerated Monte Carlo Techniques for PET Simulation and 3D PET Scatter Correction 1999 1999 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, III, pp. 1500-1504  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Holdsworth1999,
      author = {C. Holdsworth and C. S. Levin and M. Dahlbom and T. Farquhar and E. J. Hoffman},
      title = {Investigation of Accelerated Monte Carlo Techniques for PET Simulation and 3D PET Scatter Correction},
      booktitle = {1999 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, III},
      year = {1999},
      pages = {1500-1504}
    }
    					
    Holdsworth, C.H.; Dahlbom, M.; Liu, A.; Williams, L.; Levin, C.S.; Janecek, M. & Hoffman, E.J. Expanding the Versatility of a More Accurate Accelerated Monte Carlo Simulation for 3D PET: Data Correction of PET Emission Scans Using ^124I 2001 2001 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, IV, pp. 2105-2109  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Holdsworth2001a,
      author = {C. H. Holdsworth and M. Dahlbom and A. Liu and L. Williams and C. S. Levin and M. Janecek and E. J. Hoffman},
      title = {Expanding the Versatility of a More Accurate Accelerated Monte Carlo Simulation for 3D PET: Data Correction of PET Emission Scans Using ^124I},
      booktitle = {2001 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, IV},
      year = {2001},
      pages = {2105-2109}
    }
    					
    Holdsworth, C.H.; Levin, C.S.; Janecek, M.; Dahlbom, M. & Hoffman, E.J. Performance Analysis of an Improved 3D PET Monte Carlo Simulation and Scatter Correction 2000 2000 IEEE Medical Imaging Conference Record, II, pp. 1353-1357  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Holdsworth2000,
      author = {C. H. Holdsworth and C. S. Levin and M. Janecek and M. Dahlbom and E. J. Hoffman},
      title = {Performance Analysis of an Improved 3D PET Monte Carlo Simulation and Scatter Correction},
      booktitle = {2000 IEEE Medical Imaging Conference Record, II},
      year = {2000},
      pages = {1353-1357}
    }
    					
    Lau, F.W.Y.; Fang, C.; Reynolds, P.D.; Olcott, P.D.; Vandenbroucke, A.; Olutade, F.; Horowitz, M.A. & Levin, C.S. 1 mm^3 Resolution Breast-Dedicated PET System 2008 Conference Record of the 2008 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, pp. 5619-5622  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Lau2008a,
      author = {F. W. Y. Lau and C. Fang and P. D. Reynolds and P. D. Olcott and A. Vandenbroucke and F. Olutade and M. A. Horowitz and C. S. Levin},
      title = {1 mm^3 Resolution Breast-Dedicated PET System},
      booktitle = {Conference Record of the 2008 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference},
      year = {2008},
      pages = {5619-5622}
    }
    					
    Lau, F.W.Y.; Olcott, P.D.; Horowitz, M.A.; Peng, H. & Levin, C.S. Noise analysis of LSO-PSAPD PET detector front-end multiplexing circuits 2007 Conference Record of the 2007 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, pp. 3212-3219  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Lau2007,
      author = {F. W. Y. Lau and P. D. Olcott and M. A. Horowitz and H. Peng and C. S. Levin},
      title = {Noise analysis of LSO-PSAPD PET detector front-end multiplexing circuits},
      booktitle = {Conference Record of the 2007 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference},
      year = {2007},
      pages = {3212-3219}
    }
    					
    Lau, F.W.Y.; Vandenbroucke, A.; Reynolds, P.D.; Olcott, P.D.; Horowitz, M.A. & Levin, C.S. Front-end electronics for a 1mm3 resolution avalanche photodiode-based PET System with analog signal multiplexing-end Electronics for a 1mm3 Resolution LSO-PSAPD-based PET System with Multiplexing 2008 Conference Record of the 2008 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, pp. 3871-3874  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Lau2008,
      author = {F. W. Y. Lau and A. Vandenbroucke and P. D. Reynolds and P. D. Olcott and M. A. Horowitz and C. S. Levin},
      title = {Front-end electronics for a 1mm3 resolution avalanche photodiode-based PET System with analog signal multiplexing-end Electronics for a 1mm3 Resolution LSO-PSAPD-based PET System with Multiplexing},
      booktitle = {Conference Record of the 2008 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference},
      year = {2008},
      pages = {3871-3874}
    }
    					
    Levin, C.S. Advancing Small Animal Positron Emission Tomography Instrumentation to Enhance Molecular Sensitivity 2006 2006 Conference Proceedings, Workshop on the Next Generation PET Scanner, pp. 52-56  
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Levin2006b,
      author = {C. S. Levin},
      title = {Advancing Small Animal Positron Emission Tomography Instrumentation to Enhance Molecular Sensitivity},
      booktitle = {2006 Conference Proceedings, Workshop on the Next Generation PET Scanner},
      year = {2006},
      pages = {52-56}
    }
    					
    Levin, C.S. Design of a High Resolution and High Sensitivity Scintillation Crystal Array with Nearly Perfect Light Collection 2001 2001 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, I, pp. 48-52  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Levin2001,
      author = {C. S. Levin},
      title = {Design of a High Resolution and High Sensitivity Scintillation Crystal Array with Nearly Perfect Light Collection},
      booktitle = {2001 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, I},
      year = {2001},
      pages = {48-52}
    }
    					
    Levin, C.S.; Dahlbom, M. & Hoffman, E.J. A Monte Carlo Correction for Compton Scattering Effects in 3D PET Brain Imaging 1994 Conference Record of the 1994 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, III, pp. 1502-1506  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Levin1994,
      author = {C. S. Levin and M. Dahlbom and E. J. Hoffman},
      title = {A Monte Carlo Correction for Compton Scattering Effects in 3D PET Brain Imaging},
      booktitle = {Conference Record of the 1994 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, III},
      year = {1994},
      pages = {1502-1506}
    }
    					
    Levin, C.S.; Foudray, A.M.K.; Olcott, P.D. & Habte, F. Investigation of Position Sensitive Avalanche Photodiodes for a New High Resolution PET Detector Design 2003 2003 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, IV, pp. 2262-2266  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Levin2003a,
      author = {C. S. Levin and A. M. K. Foudray and P. D. Olcott and F. Habte},
      title = {Investigation of Position Sensitive Avalanche Photodiodes for a New High Resolution PET Detector Design},
      booktitle = {2003 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, IV},
      year = {2003},
      pages = {2262-2266}
    }
    					
    Levin, C.S. & Habte, F. Initial Studies of a New Detector Design for Ultra-High Resolution Positron Emission Tomography 2002 2002 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, III, pp. 1751-1755  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Levin2002a,
      author = {C. S. Levin and F. Habte},
      title = {Initial Studies of a New Detector Design for Ultra-High Resolution Positron Emission Tomography},
      booktitle = {2002 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, III},
      year = {2002},
      pages = {1751-1755}
    }
    					
    Levin, C.S.; Habte, F. & Foudray, A.M.K. Methods to Extract More Light from Minute Scintillation Crystals Used in an Ultra-High Resolution Positron Emission Tomography Detector 2004 Proceedings of the 2nd (2003) International Conference on Imaging Technologies in Biomedical Sciences, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, pp. 35-40  
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Levin2004b,
      author = {C. S. Levin and F. Habte and A. M. K. Foudray},
      title = {Methods to Extract More Light from Minute Scintillation Crystals Used in an Ultra-High Resolution Positron Emission Tomography Detector},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of the 2nd (2003) International Conference on Imaging Technologies in Biomedical Sciences, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A},
      year = {2004},
      pages = {35-40}
    }
    					
    Levin, C.S. & Hoffman, E.J. A New Photodiode Readout Scheme for High Resolution Scintillation Crystal Arrays 1996 Conference Record of the 1996 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, II, pp. 1223-1227  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Levin1996c,
      author = {C. S. Levin and E. J. Hoffman},
      title = {A New Photodiode Readout Scheme for High Resolution Scintillation Crystal Arrays},
      booktitle = {Conference Record of the 1996 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, II},
      year = {1996},
      pages = {1223-1227}
    }
    					
    Levin, C.S.; Hoffman, E.J.; Tornai, M.P. & MacDonald, L.R. PSPMT and Pin Diode Designs of a Small Scintillation Camera for Imaging Malignant Breast Tumors 1996 Conference Record of the 1996 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, II, pp. 1196-1200  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Levin1996b,
      author = {C. S. Levin and E. J. Hoffman and M. P. Tornai and L. R. MacDonald},
      title = {PSPMT and Pin Diode Designs of a Small Scintillation Camera for Imaging Malignant Breast Tumors},
      booktitle = {Conference Record of the 1996 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, II},
      year = {1996},
      pages = {1196-1200}
    }
    					
    Levin, C.S.; MacDonald, L.R.; Tornai, M.P.; Hoffman, E.J. & Park, J. Optimizing Light Collection from Thin Scintillators Used in a Beta-Ray Camera for Surgical Use 1995 Conference Record of the 1995 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, III, pp. 1796-1800  
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Levin,
      author = {C. S. Levin and L. R. MacDonald and M. P. Tornai and E. J. Hoffman and J. Park},
      title = {Optimizing Light Collection from Thin Scintillators Used in a Beta-Ray Camera for Surgical Use},
      booktitle = {Conference Record of the 1995 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, III},
      year = {1995},
      pages = {1796-1800}
    }
    					
    Levin, C.S.; Tai, Y.-C.; Hoffman, E.J.; Dahlbom, M. & Farquhar, T.H. Removal of the Effect of Compton Scattering in 3D Whole Body Positron Emission Tomography by Monte Carlo 1995 Conference Record of the 1995 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, II, pp. 1050-1054  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Levin1995a,
      author = {C. S. Levin and Y-C Tai and E. J. Hoffman and M. Dahlbom and T. H. Farquhar},
      title = {Removal of the Effect of Compton Scattering in 3D Whole Body Positron Emission Tomography by Monte Carlo},
      booktitle = {Conference Record of the 1995 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, II},
      year = {1995},
      pages = {1050-1054}
    }
    					
    Levin, C.S.; Tornai, M.P.; Cherry, S.R.; MacDonald, L.R. & Hoffman, E.J. Compton Scatter and X-Ray Crosstalk and the Use of Very Thin Inner-Crystal Septa in High Resolution PET Detectors 1995 Conference Record of the 1995 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, II, pp. 1036-1040  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Levin1995b,
      author = {C. S. Levin and M. P. Tornai and S. R. Cherry and L. R. MacDonald and E. J. Hoffman},
      title = {Compton Scatter and X-Ray Crosstalk and the Use of Very Thin Inner-Crystal Septa in High Resolution PET Detectors},
      booktitle = {Conference Record of the 1995 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, II},
      year = {1995},
      pages = {1036-1040}
    }
    					
    Levin, C.S.; Tornai, M.P.; MacDonald, L.R. & Hoffman, E.J. Annihilation Gamma-Ray Background Characterization and Rejection for a Positron Camera 1996 Conference Record of the 1996 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, II, pp. 1044-1048  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Levin1996a,
      author = {C. S. Levin and M. P. Tornai and L. R. MacDonald and E. J. Hoffman},
      title = {Annihilation Gamma-Ray Background Characterization and Rejection for a Positron Camera},
      booktitle = {Conference Record of the 1996 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, II},
      year = {1996},
      pages = {1044-1048}
    }
    					
    MacDonald, L.R.; Tornai, M.P.; Levin, C.S.; Park, J.; Atac, M.; Cline, D.B. & Hoffman, E.J. Small Area, Fiber Coupled Scintillation Camera for Imaging Beta-Ray Distributions Intra-Operatively 1995 Photoelectronic Detectors, Cameras and Systems, Proceedings of SPIE, the International Society for Optical Engineering, pp. 92-101  
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{MacDonald1995a,
      author = {L. R. MacDonald and M. P. Tornai and C. S. Levin and J. Park and M. Atac and D. B. Cline and E. J. Hoffman},
      title = {Small Area, Fiber Coupled Scintillation Camera for Imaging Beta-Ray Distributions Intra-Operatively},
      booktitle = {Photoelectronic Detectors, Cameras and Systems, Proceedings of SPIE, the International Society for Optical Engineering},
      year = {1995},
      pages = {92-101}
    }
    					
    MacDonald, L.R.; Tornai, M.P.; Levin, C.S.; Park, J.; Atac, M.; Cline, D.B. & Hoffman, E.J. Investigation of the Physical Aspects of Beta Imaging Probes Using Scintillating Fibers and Visible Light Photon Counters 1994 Conference Record of the 1994 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, II, pp. 1380-1384  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{MacDonald1994,
      author = {L. R. MacDonald and M. P. Tornai and C. S. Levin and J. Park and M. Atac and D. B. Cline and E. J. Hoffman},
      title = {Investigation of the Physical Aspects of Beta Imaging Probes Using Scintillating Fibers and Visible Light Photon Counters},
      booktitle = {Conference Record of the 1994 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, II},
      year = {1994},
      pages = {1380-1384}
    }
    					
    Matteson, J.L.; Gu, Y.; Skelton, R.T.; Deal, A.A.; Stephan, E.A.; Duttweiler, F.; Huszar, G.L.; Gasaway, T.M. & Levin, C.S. Charge Collection Studies of a High Resolution CZT-Based Detector for PET 2008 Conference Record of the 2008 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, pp. 503-510  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Matteson2008,
      author = {J. L. Matteson and Y. Gu and R. T. Skelton and A. A. Deal and E. A. Stephan and F. Duttweiler and G. L. Huszar and T. M. Gasaway and C. S. Levin},
      title = {Charge Collection Studies of a High Resolution CZT-Based Detector for PET},
      booktitle = {Conference Record of the 2008 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference},
      year = {2008},
      pages = {503-510}
    }
    					
    McElroy, D.P.; Hoffman, E.J.; Macdonald, L.; Patt, B.E.; Iwanczyk, J.S.; Yamaguchi, Y. & Levin, C.S. Evaluation of Performance of Dedicated, Compact Scintillation Cameras 2000 2000 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, III-21, pp. 109-113  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{McElroy2000,
      author = {D. P. McElroy and E. J. Hoffman and L. Macdonald and B. E. Patt and J. S. Iwanczyk and Y. Yamaguchi and C. S. Levin},
      title = {Evaluation of Performance of Dedicated, Compact Scintillation Cameras},
      booktitle = {2000 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, III-21},
      year = {2000},
      pages = {109-113}
    }
    					
    Olcott, P.D.; Buss, S.R.; Levin, C.S. & Pratx, G. GRAY: Photon Ray Tracer for PET Applications 2006 2006 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, pp. 211-215  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Olcott2006a,
      author = {P. D. Olcott and S. R. Buss and C. S. Levin and G. Pratx},
      title = {GRAY: Photon Ray Tracer for PET Applications},
      booktitle = {2006 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record},
      year = {2006},
      pages = {211-215}
    }
    					
    Olcott, P.D.; Gonzalez, E.; Vandenbroucke, A. & Levin, C.S. Mixture model for fast estimation of positron range 2010 Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record (NSS/MIC), 2010 IEEE, pp. 3058 -3060  
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Olcott2010a,
      author = {P. D. Olcott and E. Gonzalez and A. Vandenbroucke and C. S. Levin},
      title = {Mixture model for fast estimation of positron range},
      booktitle = {Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record (NSS/MIC), 2010 IEEE},
      year = {2010},
      pages = {3058 -3060},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/NSSMIC.2010.5874361}
    }
    					
    Olcott, P.D.; Habte, F.; Levin, C.S. & Foudray, A.M.K. Characterization of Performance of a Miniature, High Sensitivity Gamma-Ray Camera 2004 2004 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, VI, pp. 3997-4000  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Olcott2004,
      author = {P. D. Olcott and F. Habte and C. S. Levin and A. M. K. Foudray},
      title = {Characterization of Performance of a Miniature, High Sensitivity Gamma-Ray Camera},
      booktitle = {2004 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, VI},
      year = {2004},
      pages = {3997-4000}
    }
    					
    Olcott, P.D.; Habte, F.; Zhang, J. & Levin, C.S. Charge Multiplexing Readout for Position Sensitive Avalanche Photodiodes 2005 2005 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, V, pp. 2935-2937  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Olcott2005a,
      author = {P. D. Olcott and F. Habte and J. Zhang and C. S. Levin},
      title = {Charge Multiplexing Readout for Position Sensitive Avalanche Photodiodes},
      booktitle = {2005 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, V},
      year = {2005},
      pages = {2935-2937}
    }
    					
    Olcott, P.D.; Labruyere, A.F.; Habte, F.; Warburton, W.K. & Levin, C.S. High Speed Fully Digital Data Acquisition System for Positron Emission Tomography 2006 2006 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, pp. 1909-1911  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Olcott2006b,
      author = {P. D. Olcott and A. F. Labruyere and F. Habte and W. K. Warburton and C. S. Levin},
      title = {High Speed Fully Digital Data Acquisition System for Positron Emission Tomography},
      booktitle = {2006 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record},
      year = {2006},
      pages = {1909-1911}
    }
    					
    Olcott, P.D.; Lau, F.W.Y. & Levin, C.S. Data Acquisition System Design for a 1 mm^3 Resolution PSAPD-Based PET System 2007 Conference Record of the 2007 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, pp. 3206-3211  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Olcott2007a,
      author = {P. D. Olcott and F. W. Y. Lau and C. S. Levin},
      title = {Data Acquisition System Design for a 1 mm^3 Resolution PSAPD-Based PET System},
      booktitle = {Conference Record of the 2007 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference},
      year = {2007},
      pages = {3206-3211}
    }
    					
    Olcott, P.D. & Levin, C.S. Pulse Width Modulation: A Novel Readout Scheme For High Energy Photon Detection 2008 Conference Record of the 2008 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, pp. 4530-4535  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Olcott2008,
      author = {P. D. Olcott and C. S. Levin},
      title = {Pulse Width Modulation: A Novel Readout Scheme For High Energy Photon Detection},
      booktitle = {Conference Record of the 2008 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference},
      year = {2008},
      pages = {4530-4535}
    }
    					
    Olcott, P.D.; Peng, H. & Levin, C.S. Novel Electro-Optically Coupled MR Compatible PET Detectors 2008 Conference Record of the 2008 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, pp. 4640-4645  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Olcott2008a,
      author = {P. D. Olcott and H. Peng and C. S. Levin},
      title = {Novel Electro-Optically Coupled MR Compatible PET Detectors},
      booktitle = {Conference Record of the 2008 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference},
      year = {2008},
      pages = {4640-4645}
    }
    					
    Olcott, P.D.; Talcott, J.A.; Levin, C.S.; Habte, F. & Foudray, A.M.K. Compact Readout Electronics for Position Sensitive Photomultiplier Tubes 2003 2003 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, III, pp. 1962-1966  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Olcott2003,
      author = {P. D. Olcott and J. A. Talcott and C. S. Levin and F. Habte and A. M. K. Foudray},
      title = {Compact Readout Electronics for Position Sensitive Photomultiplier Tubes},
      booktitle = {2003 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, III},
      year = {2003},
      pages = {1962-1966}
    }
    					
    Olcott, P.D.; Zhang, J.; Levin, C.S.; Habte, F. & Foudray, A.M.K. Finite Element Model Based Spatial Linearity Correction for Scintillation Detectors That Use Position Sensitive Avalanche Photodiodes 2005 2005 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, V, pp. 2459-2462  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Olcott2005b,
      author = {P. D. Olcott and J. Zhang and C. S. Levin and F. Habte and A. M. K. Foudray},
      title = {Finite Element Model Based Spatial Linearity Correction for Scintillation Detectors That Use Position Sensitive Avalanche Photodiodes},
      booktitle = {2005 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, V},
      year = {2005},
      pages = {2459-2462}
    }
    					
    Peng, H.; Olcott, P.D.; Foudray, A.M.K. & Levin, C.S. Evaluation of Free-Running ADCs for High Resolution PET Data Acquisition 2007 Conference Record of the 2007 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, pp. 3328-3331  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Peng2007,
      author = {H. Peng and P. D. Olcott and A. M. K. Foudray and C. S. Levin},
      title = {Evaluation of Free-Running ADCs for High Resolution PET Data Acquisition},
      booktitle = {Conference Record of the 2007 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference},
      year = {2007},
      pages = {3328-3331}
    }
    					
    Peng, H.; Olcott, P.D. & Levin, C.S. Can large-area avalanche photodiodes be used for a clinical PET/MRI block detector? 2008 Conference Record of the 2008 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, pp. 4675-4680  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Peng2008,
      author = {H. Peng and P. D. Olcott and C. S. Levin},
      title = {Can large-area avalanche photodiodes be used for a clinical PET/MRI block detector?},
      booktitle = {Conference Record of the 2008 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference},
      year = {2008},
      pages = {4675-4680}
    }
    					
    Peng, H.; Olcott, P.D.; Pratx, G.; Foudray, A.M.K.; Chinn, G. & Levin, C.S. Design Study of a High Resolution Breast-Dedicated PET System Built from Cadmium Zinc Telluride Detectors 2007 Conference Record of the 2007 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, pp. 3700-3704  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Peng2007a,
      author = {H. Peng and P. D. Olcott and G. Pratx and A. M. K. Foudray and G. Chinn and C. S. Levin},
      title = {Design Study of a High Resolution Breast-Dedicated PET System Built from Cadmium Zinc Telluride Detectors},
      booktitle = {Conference Record of the 2007 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference},
      year = {2007},
      pages = {3700-3704}
    }
    					
    Pratx, G.; Chinn, G.; Habte, F.; Olcott, P.D. & Levin, C.S. Fully 3D List-mode OSEM Accelerated with Graphics Processing Units 2006 2006 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, pp. 2196-2202  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Pratx2006,
      author = {G. Pratx and G. Chinn and F. Habte and P. D. Olcott and C. S. Levin},
      title = {Fully 3D List-mode OSEM Accelerated with Graphics Processing Units},
      booktitle = {2006 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record},
      year = {2006},
      pages = {2196-2202}
    }
    					
    Pratx, G.; Chinn, G.; Olcott, P.D. & Levin, C.S. Fast, Accurate and Shift-Varying Line Projections for Iterative Reconstruction Using the GPU 2008 Conference Record of the 2008 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Pratx2008,
      author = {G. Pratx and G. Chinn and P. D. Olcott and C. S. Levin},
      title = {Fast, Accurate and Shift-Varying Line Projections for Iterative Reconstruction Using the GPU},
      booktitle = {Conference Record of the 2008 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference},
      year = {2008}
    }
    					
    Pratx, G. & Levin, C.S. Accurately Positioning Events in a High-Resolution PET System that uses 3D CZT Detectors 2007 Conference Record of the 2007 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, pp. 2660-2664  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Pratx2007,
      author = {G. Pratx and C. S. Levin},
      title = {Accurately Positioning Events in a High-Resolution PET System that uses 3D CZT Detectors},
      booktitle = {Conference Record of the 2007 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference},
      year = {2007},
      pages = {2660-2664}
    }
    					
    Pratx, G.; Reader, A.J. & Levin, C.S. Faster Maximum-Likelihood Reconstruction via Explicit Conjugation of Search Directions 2008 Conference Record of the 2008 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, pp. 5070-5075  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Pratx2008a,
      author = {G. Pratx and A. J. Reader and C. S. Levin},
      title = {Faster Maximum-Likelihood Reconstruction via Explicit Conjugation of Search Directions},
      booktitle = {Conference Record of the 2008 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference},
      year = {2008},
      pages = {5070-5075}
    }
    					
    Reynolds, P.D.; Lau, F.W.Y.; Vandenbroucke, A. & Levin, C.S. Readout design and validation for a 1 mm3 resolution clinical PET system 2010 Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record (NSS/MIC), 2010 IEEE, pp. 3097 -3099  
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Reynolds2010,
      author = {P. D. Reynolds and F. W. Y. Lau and A. Vandenbroucke and C. S. Levin},
      title = {Readout design and validation for a 1 mm3 resolution clinical PET system},
      booktitle = {Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record (NSS/MIC), 2010 IEEE},
      year = {2010},
      pages = {3097 -3099},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/NSSMIC.2010.5874370}
    }
    					
    Reynolds, P.D.; Olcott, P.D.; Lau, F.W.Y. & Levin, C.S. Convex Optimization of Coincidence Time Resolution for High Resolution PET Systems 2008 Conference Record of the 2008 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, pp. 4068-4073  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Reynolds2008,
      author = {P. D. Reynolds and P. D. Olcott and F. W. Y. Lau and C. S. Levin},
      title = {Convex Optimization of Coincidence Time Resolution for High Resolution PET Systems},
      booktitle = {Conference Record of the 2008 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference},
      year = {2008},
      pages = {4068-4073}
    }
    					
    Spanoudaki, V.C.; Cui, J.; Yeom, J. & Levin, C.S. Evaluation of the benefits of depth of interaction compensated time of flight PET 2011 2011 World Molecular Imaging Congress, Submitted  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Spanoudaki2011c,
      author = {V. C. Spanoudaki and J. Cui and J. Yeom and C. S. Levin},
      title = {Evaluation of the benefits of depth of interaction compensated time of flight PET},
      booktitle = {2011 World Molecular Imaging Congress, Submitted},
      year = {2011}
    }
    					
    Spanoudaki, V.C.; Vandenbroucke, A.; Lau, F.W.Y.; Fang, C. & Levin, C.S. Effects of Thermal Regulation Structures on the Photon Sensitivity and Spatial Resolution of a 1 mm^3 Resolution Breast-Dedicated PET System 2008 Conference Record of the 2008 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, pp. 5657-5661  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Spanoudaki2008,
      author = {V. C. Spanoudaki and A. Vandenbroucke and F. W. Y. Lau and C. Fang and C. S. Levin},
      title = {Effects of Thermal Regulation Structures on the Photon Sensitivity and Spatial Resolution of a 1 mm^3 Resolution Breast-Dedicated PET System},
      booktitle = {Conference Record of the 2008 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference},
      year = {2008},
      pages = {5657-5661}
    }
    					
    Tornai, M.P.; C.Archer; Wiesenberger, A.G.; Wojcik, R.; Popov, V.; Keppel, C.E.; Levin, C.S.; Majewski, S.; Tipnis, S.V. & Nagarkar, V.V. Investigation of Micro-Columnar Scintillators on an Optical Fiber Coupled Compact Imaging System 2000 2000 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, III-21, pp. 19-23  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Tornai2000,
      author = {M. P. Tornai and C.Archer and A. G. Wiesenberger and R. Wojcik and V. Popov and C. E. Keppel and C. S. Levin and S. Majewski and S. V. Tipnis and V. V. Nagarkar},
      title = {Investigation of Micro-Columnar Scintillators on an Optical Fiber Coupled Compact Imaging System},
      booktitle = {2000 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, III-21},
      year = {2000},
      pages = {19-23}
    }
    					
    Tornai, M.P.; Hoffman, E.J.; Levin, C.S. & MacDonald, L.R. Characterization of Fluor Concentration and Geometry in Organic Scintillators for in situ Beta Imaging 1995 Conference Record of the 1995 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, III, pp. 1632-1636  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Tornai1995a,
      author = {M. P. Tornai and E. J. Hoffman and C. S. Levin and L. R. MacDonald},
      title = {Characterization of Fluor Concentration and Geometry in Organic Scintillators for in situ Beta Imaging},
      booktitle = {Conference Record of the 1995 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, III},
      year = {1995},
      pages = {1632-1636}
    }
    					
    Tornai, M.P.; Levin, C.S.; MacDonald, L.R.; Hoffman, E.J. & Park, J. Investigation of Crystal Geometries for Fiber Coupled Gamma Imaging Intra-Operative Probes 1996 Conference Record of the 1996 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, II, pp. 1135-1139  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Tornai1996c,
      author = {M. P. Tornai and C. S. Levin and L. R. MacDonald and E. J. Hoffman and J. Park},
      title = {Investigation of Crystal Geometries for Fiber Coupled Gamma Imaging Intra-Operative Probes},
      booktitle = {Conference Record of the 1996 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, II},
      year = {1996},
      pages = {1135-1139}
    }
    					
    Tornai, M.P.; Levin, C.S.; MacDonald, L.R.; Holdsworth, C.H. & Hoffman, E.J. A Miniature Phoswich Detector for Gamma-Ray Localization and Beta Imaging 1997 1997 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, II, pp. 1028-1032  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Tornai1997b,
      author = {M. P. Tornai and C. S. Levin and L. R. MacDonald and C. H. Holdsworth and E. J. Hoffman},
      title = {A Miniature Phoswich Detector for Gamma-Ray Localization and Beta Imaging},
      booktitle = {1997 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, II},
      year = {1997},
      pages = {1028-1032}
    }
    					
    Tornai, M.P.; MacDonald, L.R.; Levin, C.S.; Siegel, S. & Hoffman, E.J. Design Considerations and Initial Performance of a 1.2 cm^2 Beta Imaging Intra-Operative Probe 1995 Conference Record of the 1995 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, III, pp. 1791-1795  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Tornai1995,
      author = {M. P. Tornai and L. R. MacDonald and C. S. Levin and S. Siegel and E. J. Hoffman},
      title = {Design Considerations and Initial Performance of a 1.2 cm^2 Beta Imaging Intra-Operative Probe},
      booktitle = {Conference Record of the 1995 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, III},
      year = {1995},
      pages = {1791-1795}
    }
    					
    Tornai, M.P.; MacDonald, L.R.; Levin, C.S.; Siegel, S.; Hoffman, E.J.; Park, J.; Atac, M. & Cline, D.B. Miniature Nuclear Emission Imaging System for Intra-Operative Applications 1996 Proceedings from 1996 UCLA International Conference on Imaging Detectors in High Energy & Astroparticle Physics,, pp. 133-147  
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Tornai1996b,
      author = {M. P. Tornai and L. R. MacDonald and C. S. Levin and S. Siegel and E. J. Hoffman and J. Park and M. Atac and D. B. Cline},
      title = {Miniature Nuclear Emission Imaging System for Intra-Operative Applications},
      booktitle = {Proceedings from 1996 UCLA International Conference on Imaging Detectors in High Energy & Astroparticle Physics,},
      year = {1996},
      pages = {133-147}
    }
    					
    Tornai, M.P.; Patt, B.E.; Iwanczyk, J.S.; Levin, C.S. & Hoffman, E.J. Discrete Scintillator Coupled Mercuric Iodide Photodetector Arrays for Breast Imaging 1996 Conference Record of the 1996 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, II, pp. 1034-1038  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Tornai1996d,
      author = {M. P. Tornai and B. E. Patt and J. S. Iwanczyk and C. S. Levin and E. J. Hoffman},
      title = {Discrete Scintillator Coupled Mercuric Iodide Photodetector Arrays for Breast Imaging},
      booktitle = {Conference Record of the 1996 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, II},
      year = {1996},
      pages = {1034-1038}
    }
    					
    Vandenbroucke, A.; Foudray, A.M.K.; Lau, F.W.Y.; Olcott, P.D.; Reynolds, P.D. & Levin, C.S. Performance characterization of a new high resolution, 3-D positioning PET scintillation detector 2008 Conference Record of the 2008 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, pp. 3604-3608  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Vandenbroucke2008,
      author = {A. Vandenbroucke and A. M. K. Foudray and F. W. Y. Lau and P. D. Olcott and P. D. Reynolds and C. S. Levin},
      title = {Performance characterization of a new high resolution, 3-D positioning PET scintillation detector},
      booktitle = {Conference Record of the 2008 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference},
      year = {2008},
      pages = {3604-3608}
    }
    					
    Vandenbroucke, A.; Innes, D. & Levin, C.S. Effects of external shielding on the performance of a 1 mm3 resolution breast PET camera 2010 Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record (NSS/MIC), 2010 IEEE, pp. 3644 -3648  
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Vandenbroucke2010a,
      author = {A. Vandenbroucke and D. Innes and C. S. Levin},
      title = {Effects of external shielding on the performance of a 1 mm3 resolution breast PET camera},
      booktitle = {Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record (NSS/MIC), 2010 IEEE},
      year = {2010},
      pages = {3644 -3648},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/NSSMIC.2010.5874492}
    }
    					
    Vandenbroucke, A.; Lee, J.; Spanoudaki, V.C.; Lau, F.W.Y.; Reynolds, P.D. & Levin, C.S. Temperature and bias voltage studies of a large area position sensitive avalanche photodiode 2009 Conference Record of the 2009 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, pp. 3664-3669  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Vandenbroucke2009a,
      author = {A. Vandenbroucke and J. Lee and V. C. Spanoudaki and F. W. Y. Lau and P. D. Reynolds and C. S. Levin},
      title = {Temperature and bias voltage studies of a large area position sensitive avalanche photodiode},
      booktitle = {Conference Record of the 2009 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference},
      year = {2009},
      pages = {3664-3669}
    }
    					
    Vandenbroucke, A. & Levin, C.S. Study of Scintillation Crystal Array Parameters for an Advanced PET Scanner Dedicated to Breast Cancer Imaging 2008 Conference Record of the 2008 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, pp. 4914-4919  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Vandenbroucke2008a,
      author = {A. Vandenbroucke and C. S. Levin},
      title = {Study of Scintillation Crystal Array Parameters for an Advanced PET Scanner Dedicated to Breast Cancer Imaging},
      booktitle = {Conference Record of the 2008 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference},
      year = {2008},
      pages = {4914-4919}
    }
    					
    Zhang, J.; Foudray, A.M.K.; Olcott, P.D. & Levin, C.S. Performance Characterization of a Novel Thin Position-Sensitive Avalanche Photodiode-Based Detector for High Resolution PET 2005 2005 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, V, pp. 2478-2482  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Zhang2005a,
      author = {J. Zhang and A. M. K. Foudray and P. D. Olcott and C. S. Levin},
      title = {Performance Characterization of a Novel Thin Position-Sensitive Avalanche Photodiode-Based Detector for High Resolution PET},
      booktitle = {2005 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, V},
      year = {2005},
      pages = {2478-2482}
    }
    					
    Zhang, J.; Olcott, P.D.; Foudray, A.M.K.; Chinn, G. & Levin, C.S. Monte Carlo Simulation Study of a Dual-Plate PET Camera Dedicated to Breast Cancer Imaging 2005 2005 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, III, pp. 1667-1671  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Zhang2005,
      author = {J. Zhang and P. D. Olcott and A. M. K. Foudray and G. Chinn and C. S. Levin},
      title = {Monte Carlo Simulation Study of a Dual-Plate PET Camera Dedicated to Breast Cancer Imaging},
      booktitle = {2005 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, III},
      year = {2005},
      pages = {1667-1671}
    }
    					

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